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4 PEP 273: Importing Modules from Zip Archives

The new zipimport module adds support for importing modules from a ZIP-format archive. You don't need to import the module explicitly; it will be automatically imported if a ZIP archive's filename is added to sys.path. For example:

 

amk@nyman:~/src/python$ unzip -l /tmp/example.zip
Archive:  /tmp/example.zip
  Length     Date   Time    Name
 --------    ----   ----    ----
     8467  11-26-02 22:30   jwzthreading.py
 --------                   -------
     8467                   1 file
amk@nyman:~/src/python$ ./python
Python 2.3 (#1, Aug 1 2003, 19:54:32) 
>>> import sys
>>> sys.path.insert(0, '/tmp/example.zip')  # Add .zip file to front of path
>>> import jwzthreading
>>> jwzthreading.__file__
'/tmp/example.zip/jwzthreading.py'
>>>

An entry in sys.path can now be the filename of a ZIP archive. The ZIP archive can contain any kind of files, but only files named *.py, *.pyc, or *.pyo can be imported. If an archive only contains *.py files, Python will not attempt to modify the archive by adding the corresponding *.pyc file, meaning that if a ZIP archive doesn't contain *.pyc files, importing may be rather slow.

A path within the archive can also be specified to only import from a subdirectory; for example, the path /tmp/example.zip/lib/ would only import from the lib/ subdirectory within the archive.

 

  

 

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