7.3.1 Polling Objects
The poll() system call, supported on most Unix systems, provides better scalability for network
servers that service many, many clients at the same time. poll()
scales better because the system call only requires listing the file descriptors of interest,
while select() builds a bitmap, turns on bits for the fds of
interest, and then afterward the whole bitmap has to be linearly scanned again. select() is O(highest file descriptor), while poll()
is O(number of file descriptors).
- Register a file descriptor with the polling object. Future calls to the poll() method will then check whether the file descriptor has any
pending I/O events. fd can be either an integer, or an object with a fileno() method that returns an integer. File objects implement fileno(), so they can also be used as the argument.
eventmask is an optional bitmask describing the type of events you want to
check for, and can be a combination of the constants POLLIN, POLLPRI, and POLLOUT, described in the
table below. If not specified, the default value used will check for all 3 types of
||There is data to read
||There is urgent data to read
||Ready for output: writing will not block
||Error condition of some sort
||Invalid request: descriptor not open
Registering a file descriptor that's already registered is not an error, and has the
same effect as registering the descriptor exactly once.
- Remove a file descriptor being tracked by a polling object. Just like the register() method, fd can be an integer or an object with a
fileno() method that returns an integer.
Attempting to remove a file descriptor that was never registered causes a KeyError exception to be raised.
- Polls the set of registered file descriptors, and returns a possibly-empty list
(fd, event) 2-tuples for the descriptors
that have events or errors to report. fd is the file descriptor, and event
is a bitmask with bits set for the reported events for that descriptor -- POLLIN for waiting input, POLLOUT to
indicate that the descriptor can be written to, and so forth. An empty list indicates that
the call timed out and no file descriptors had any events to report. If timeout
is given, it specifies the length of time in milliseconds which the system will wait for
events before returning. If timeout is omitted, negative, or None, the call will block until there is an event for this poll